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住宅的消防安全 Residential Fire Safety

住宅的消防安全 Residential Fire Safety

CITYPlus FM电台专访
节目名称:City Skyline城市天际线
专访详情:
题目:住宅的消防安全

Title: Residential Fire Safety
嘉宾:

(1)郑浩然 (Ir. Tay Hao Giang) — 大马消防工程师学会会长,曾于2011年担任国际消防工程学会总会长;拥有消防安全工程硕士,目前是消防安全顾问。
(2)林绅飞 — 设计兼绘测师
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重点:
消防员入口+逃生
灭火制备
分离火源
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消防员入口+逃生
a) 窗栏栏杆
用途: 逃生, 消防员入口
注意: 可打开的, 开锁钥匙在附近
b) 火警安装
用途: 迅速警告, 秒针关系. 烟雾2-10分钟导致死亡. 火烟吸入是危险的,并且是房屋内火灾导致死亡的首要原因!安装在客厅,厨房和卧室
注意: sirim认证, 测试电池, 测试火警. 疏散时保持低位
c) 灯光
用途: 照亮烟雾覆盖房间中, 找眼镜钥匙和疏散时.
注意: 测试电池.
d) 消防车进入 门禁社区 (Gated Guarded)
4.6米警卫室的大门屋顶高
停车阻塞逃生
路障
e) 与所有家庭成员谈论防火计划,每年练习两次计划。
设计逃生计划
30秒内逃离 燃烧的房子
如果家中有残疾人或婴儿,请确保您的计划符合他们的需求。
逃出家时把门关上,减慢了火势的蔓延。
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灭火制备
e) 灭火器准备
用途: 火小时, 把火熄灭. 火源可以在2分钟内成长为大火. 安装在厨房和走廊里
注意: sirim认证, 测试有效日期. 不建议购买非Sirim,因为它们不被认为是安全的
采购: RM 115 = 3KG便携式灭火器(SIRIM&Bomba认证),
RM 75 = 1KG便携式灭火器(SIRIM&Bomba认证)
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分离火源/避免火灾
f) 电器安全
只能使用 推荐 额定值 的 保险丝 (fuse),并安装电气安全开关。
不要在床上吸烟,如果在吸烟时服用酒精,请特别小心。
电缆加时间会被氧化,其直径会下降,从而导致电线发热。 如果在电线附近存在可燃材料,这可能是危险的。
防火墙分隔房间
g) 良好的燃料管理
确保气罐 关闭 并 锁定
确保 燃料源 分隔
燃料源 和 起火源 分隔

h) 地方当局提交过程
a) 以确保设计 符合规定
防止过度拥堵住宅, 确保逃生路线是安全的.
b) 保险得到承认
c) 住房销售更容易

主持人:William Boo 邬锦家

you can hear the interview at:
你可以听到采访内容:

https://cityplusfm.my/2017/10/10/%E3%80%90skyline%E3%80%91%E4%BD%8F%E5%AE%B6%E6%B6%88%E9%98%B2%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%EF%BC%8C%E4%BD%A0%E9%83%BD%E5%81%9A%E5%AF%B9%E4%BA%86%E5%90%97%EF%BC%9F/

FM 106.0MHz in Seremban/Klang Valley

Lessons Learned from Grenfell Tower Fire and Fire Safety in Malaysia’s High-rise

Lessons Learned from Grenfell Tower Fire and Fire Safety in Malaysia’s High-rise

CITYPlus FM电台专访
节目名称:City Skyline城市天际线

专访详情:
题目:我们从英国公寓大火学到什么教训与大马的高楼防火措施
Title: Lessons Learned from Grenfell Tower Fire and Fire Safety in Malaysia’s High-rise

嘉宾:


(1)郑浩然 (Ir. Tay Hao Giang) — 大马消防工程师学会会长,曾于2011年担任国际消防工程学会总会长;拥有消防安全工程硕士,目前是消防安全顾问。
(2)林绅飞 — 设计兼绘测师

背景:
伦敦格兰菲塔(Grenfell Tower)公寓大火事件
死亡人数:79人死(截至6月19日数据,还有数人失踪)
发生日期:6月14日凌晨约1时,据信是4楼最先起火,迅速蔓延,连烧12个小时。
公寓简介:公寓建立于1974年由当地的地方政府建造,位于西兰开斯特小区(Lancaster West Estate)。公寓楼高24层,其中20层是居住单元,共120套公寓;社区共享空间占4层,住户约500人。
2015至16年,大楼翻新装修工程完成,耗资1000万英镑,包括大楼外墙覆盖雨屏覆板、更新了公共取暖系统和排烟通风系统,1至4层空间重新改装,新增9套住房单元。
当地居民组织在装修期间曾提出火灾隐患问题,以及紧急通道有”严重局限”等问题。

马来西亚情况:
在马来西亚,所有高楼必须符合政府规定的各项标准,包括防火和安全措施才能获得完工及符合证,俗称“入伙纸”(Certificate of Completion and Compliance,CCC)。
大马的高楼,特别是1984年之后兴建的大厦必须符合《1984年建筑物规范条例》(Uniform Building By-laws ,UBBL ) 。

1976年4月8日,吉隆坡金马路(Jalan Campbell, 现为Jalan Dang Wangi )的Campbell Complex购物中心大火事件。该4层楼的购物中心也包括20层办公楼,这场大火是大马首宗高楼火灾案。

资料显示,这场大火从当天晚上10时30分开始,狂烧了30小时,1人丧命,累积损失高达5000万令吉;156间商店和41间办公室被烧毁,庆幸的是高楼没有坍塌,不过其中一部分建筑因强烈的热量而倒塌。火灾原因是电线短路。

Camppell Complex购物中心于1973年5月开幕,是吉隆坡第一个高楼购物中心。经过这场大火后,该购物中心与1979年重新营业,当时的重建费达1000万令吉。

这场大火让当局意识到高楼防火的重要性。政府修订法律,加强所有高楼(住宅和商业)的防火措施,确保所有高楼必须符合特定的条例,比如《1984年建筑物规范条例》(Uniform Building By-laws ,UBBL ) 。
该场大火会也催生大马防火协会(The Fire Protection Association, FPAM)于1976年成立。

环节一:
伦敦公寓火灾的主因是什么?为何火势迅速蔓延?
该公寓使用的建筑材料,以及设计是令消防员在救火过程中更加困难,导致更多人命丧火海?
你曾在伦敦求学和工作,对于这栋伦敦格兰菲塔(Grenfell Tower)公寓有什么特别印象?
身为设计兼绘测师,你获知这场大火后,马上联想到的火灾原因是什么?公寓设计问题?防火设备不足?还是其他原因?

环节二:
根据您观察,大马高楼(不管是住宅或商业大楼)的防火设计、设备和措施处在什么阶段?是否跟得上国际标准?
哪些建筑物特别值得分享?
除了《1984年建筑物规范条例》(Uniform Building By-laws ,UBBL ) 内提及建筑物防火条例之外,国内还有哪些法规条例特别针对建筑物的防火设施?
通常高楼建筑的防火设计和设备涵盖哪些范围?逃生楼梯?洒水系统?防火隔离区?疏散通道?
根据您的了解,除了1976年4月8日吉隆坡Campell Complex的大火之外,大马还有发生其他严重的高楼火灾案吗?
若有是什么原因导致?事后的检讨,吸取了什么教训?
从设计角度而言,防火占了设计的多大比重?一般的客户会否特别要求加强防火设备?

环节三:
通常高楼大火的原因是什么?电线短路?天然气输送管爆裂?我们如何减少火灾发生?
一些旧楼,如超过20年的大楼,在防火设备上已经跟比不上时代,应该从何处下手,提升和改善它们的防火系统?
一些承包商为了节省成本,选用次等和易燃的建筑材料,比如使用没有获得防火测评估和测试的铝复合板(aluminum composite panels,ACP)。这些情况会否经常发生?若被揭发,承包商将面对什么惩罚?
您从2002年至今都担任大马规格与工业研究机构(SIRIM)委任的防火建筑材料技术委员会(TCF)主席。请与告诉我们,这个委员会的主要工作?
一般民众并非防火专家或建筑设计及绘测师,如何分辨这些建筑材料是否为易燃物?若知道了,应该怎么做?


主持人:蓝志锋

you can hear the interview at:
你可以听到采访内容:

http://cityplusfm.my/2017/07/10/%E3%80%90skyline%E3%80%91%E6%88%91%E4%BB%AC%E7%9A%84%E9%AB%98%E6%A5%BC%E5%A4%A7%E5%8E%A6%E9%98%B2%E7%81%AB%E8%AE%BE%E8%AE%A1%E4%B8%8E%E8%AE%BE%E5%A4%87%EF%BC%8C%E7%AC%A6%E5%90%88%E5%9B%BD%E9%99%85/

FM 106.0MHz in Seremban/Klang Valley

URBAN TALK RADIO STATION (CITYPLUS FM)- 6 steps to Building a New Landed House

URBAN TALK RADIO STATION (CITYPLUS FM)- 6 steps to Building a New Landed House

CITYPlus FM 城市天际线
建筑设计师访谈主题2

CITYPlus FM – City Skyline
Architectural Discussion 2

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In recent times we are seeing more interesting design in landed housing in the form of Bungalow, Semi-Ds and linked houses. As compared of Building with strata title and high rise residence, landed housing allows for better expression of the owner character and lifestyle.

This is especially true for a growing population of second generations whose parents are living in landed housings in Bangsar, Bandar Utama, Petaling Jaya, Damansara Heights and Shah Alam. They are looking to stay near to the parents upon moving out and setting up their family. There are also populations moving into landed housing after disliking living in high rise.

Today’s Architectural conversation intends to shed light procedure in building in new landed house from scratch. As compared with our previous episode discussion, this procedure will consist of extra steps in getting your design right and house built. This is because there are more authority submission and the budget control. Your consultant will advise you the steps in detail. The below are the xx steps.

近期,我们可以在独立房,半独立房 和 连接的房子 看到有趣的设计。 相比之下,分层地契房屋与高楼住宅相比,落地房屋可以更好地体现房主的性格和生活方式。
这尤其是给第二代人口居住在孟沙,Bandar Utama,八打灵再也,Damansara Heights和莎阿南的有地房屋。 他们希望在迁出 和 安置家庭时靠近父母。 还有人因为不喜欢高楼生活而进入有地房屋。
今天的建筑交谈 旨在 建设新的 落地房屋。与我们以前的剧集访谈相比,这个过程 将 包括更多的步骤 来让您的 设计表达 和 理想房屋建成。 这包含了更多的 地方当局提交过程 和房屋预算控制。 您的顾问将会详细分享 建设新落地房屋 的步骤。 以下是我们建议的6 阶段。

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6 steps to Building a New Landed House
建设新有地房屋 6 阶段

1. PLANNING STAGE(策划阶段)

1) Appointing a consultant (聘请设计师)
a. You may get advice from your relatives and friends any recommendation of consultant. (您可要求亲戚朋友,推荐一些他们曾经使用,拥有口碑的设计师)
b. Meet up the consultant to see if the consultant can match your expectation and if you can work well with the consultant. (与设计师会面,了解顾问能否符合您的期望,以及你是否能与设计师良好的合作)
c. Scope of a consultant (了解设计师的工作范围)
i. Design and propose material and finishing (设计和选择建筑材料)
ii. Submission to relevant authority (提交相关文件给有关当局/管理委员会)
iii. Tender document preparation (准备投标文件)
iv. Tender Evaluation (投标评估)
v. Making sure the project expenses is under budget (确保建筑费用在预算之中)
vi. Contract Administration – making sure both client and constructor is abiding the building contract. (装修合约:确保客户和建筑承包商都遵循这份装修合约)
vii. Defect Check (缺陷检查)

2) Appoint an Engineer(聘请工程师)
i. Engineer is important to be appointed in the early stage to ensure beams and columns do not obstruct the spatial design. (预先聘请工程师可以有利予设计阶段,以确保梁和柱不妨碍空间设计。)
ii. Beams and columns may affect door and window location and height. There is a trend to allow tall doors and windows to maximum lights and allowing a sense of generosity. (梁和柱可能会影响门窗位置和高度。最近有一个流行设计,制造高大的门和窗户带进自然光,并带来大方的感觉。)
iii. If any cantilever is needed to prevent columns around the car porch area. (如果需要任何悬臂来设计没有柱子的车房。)

2. SCHEMATIC DESIGN STAGE(方案设计阶段)

3) Working with your appointed Consultant. Your consultant will have to dig your brains to understand your desire lifestyle. You have to express your intentions. This can be done via reference pictures from google, pinterest or design magazine. (与您聘请的设计师密切合作. 你的设计师必须了解你的想法,根据你的理想生活方式来设计。您也必须表达你的想法。 这可以通过Google, pinterest或设计杂志的参考图片来讨论。)

4) Getting the Floor plans to assure the spatial configuration fits your lifestyle. Typically this may take several revisions before getting your ideal design. (设计师画出平面图设计,以确保空间设计和配搭,符合您的生活方式) (通常,在获得理想设计之前,可能需要进行多次修改。)

5) Feng Shui/ Vastu Shastra advisor should be in to make adjustment based the proposed plan in this stage. (风水师应在这阶段进行设计调整。)

6) Recently there is a trend to design concrete roof. This is mainly due to Australian or European Modern Design influence. While these countries may have lesser rainfall, our Malaysian weather is less forgiving. Concrete roof may crack under the Malaysian weather, allowing leaking. Proper design allowing sufficient rainwater discharge and roof material may prevent unnecessary and prevalent water leaking in many of our Malaysian Houses. (最近有许多设计 混凝土屋顶 的设计流行。 这主要是由于澳大利亚或欧洲摩登设计的影响。 虽然这些国家的降雨量可能较少,但我们马来西亚的天气多雨多晒。 在马来西亚天气下,混凝土屋顶可能在几年后会出现裂缝和漏水. 适当的设计 和适当的屋顶材料 会让雨水充足排放。 这个可以减少我们许多马来西亚房屋中 不必要的屋顶漏水)

7) Getting the Perspectives image to assure the intended space. (从设计师获取 透视图 以确保预想的空间)

8) Consultant to prepare preliminary estimate of the probable construction costs to evaluate if the work is under budget. (设计师对可能的建筑成本进行初步估算,以 评估 工作是否 属于 屋主的预算.)

9) Consultant will develop submission drawings for local planning department. You have to understand and agree on the designed schematic plan before the consultant can submit drawings to local authority. (设计师将 准备 提交 图测。 在设计师向 当地政府规划部门 提交图纸之前,屋主必须了解并同意设计。)

10) Based on Local Authority Regulation, consultant to submitting drawings to local planning department. (跟随 当地政府规划部门 的规定, 设计师 向 当地政府规划部门 提交图测。)

3. DESIGN DEVELOPMENT STAGE(设计发展阶段)

11) Once the local planning department has given an approval, the designer can move on to the next stage. The designer can then start to prepare Design Development drawings to the Local Building Department. (一旦 当地政府规划部门 批准,设计师可以进入下一阶段。 然后,设计师可以开始向 当地政府建筑部门 准备 提交发展设计 图测。)

12) Based on the Design Development drawings, the designer to prepare a more accurate estimate of the probable construction costs to evaluate if the work is under budget. (根据设计发展图纸,设计师准备 更准确 的估算,以评估工作是否属于屋主的预算.)

13) The designer to update the project planning and implementation schedule for client’s approval. (设计师 得 更新 项目规划 和 实施时间表,供屋主批准。)

4. CONTRACT DOCUMENTATION STAGE (招标阶段)

14) Consultant may commence Tender drawings and documents for potential Tenderers. (设计师 可准备 招标图纸 和 文件以分发给 潜在性 的 投标 建筑承包商。)

15) When you are satisfied with your design, you may now consider appointing a contractor with the help of your consultant. (当您对设计感到满意时,您可以与 设计师 的帮助下 来 招标 建筑承包商)
i. Analyse the submitted tender condition and quotation (分析 投标 条件和价格)
ii. Interview to clarify doubt on the submission (访问投标者提交的投标条件和价格)
iii. Appoint the contractor based on the submitted documents(根据提交的投标文件去聘请建筑承包商)

16) Discussion with consultant the selection of materials finishes, fixtures and furniture and equipment. This is also the time to appoint nominated subcontractor for designated work such as kitchen setup, Solid Timber Floor Installation, CCTV and security setup. (当 建筑承包商 被聘请后, 屋主与 设计师 讨论材料的选择,装置,家具和设备) (这也是 聘请 二手承建商的时间,如厨房设置,实木地板安装,闭路电视和安全设置。)
a. Obtain samples of materials for reference during construction.( 在施工期间取材料样品供参考。)

5. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION STAGE(施工阶段)

17) Once the local building authority has approved, Site work can commence (一旦 当地政府建筑部门 批准, 建筑工作可以开始)

18) With the assistance of the consultant, conduct Visit to the site to make sure work are done accordingly with the desired outcome. (在 设计师 的协助下,进行施工 探访 以确保承包商按照预期的结果进行相应的工作。)
i. (you may ask the contractor to work on designated areas to evaluate the intended effect)( 屋主可以要求承包商在指定区域进行工作,以评估预期效果)

19) With the help of the designer, to instruct the contractor to make any changes to the existing design. (在设计师的帮助下,指示承包商进行任何更改)

20) The designer also has to make sure if the contractor can finish the work on time. (设计师还 必须 确保 承包商 是否可以按时完成工作。)

21) Vet through any non-conformance work according to the drawings.( 检查任何不合平面图设计的工作)

22) Make payment to contractor (付款 给 建筑 承包商)

6. COMPLETION (施工完成)

23) Architect to issue Certificate of Completion and compliance for the building once being satisfied that the building is fit and safe for occupancy. (建筑设计师一旦确认该建筑物适合和安全入住,则颁发 建筑物完工证书和合规证书。)

24) Collecting as built drawings and maintenance manuals to the client (设计师向客户收集 完工图测和 维护手册)

25) Arrange delivery of Loose furniture.(安排家具的输送)

26) Allow a defect liability period for any defects.( 允许建筑承包商 缺陷责任期 )

27) Upon the expiry of the defect liability period, make final payment to contractor.
(在缺陷责任期届满时,对建筑承包商进行最终付款。)

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The above act as a mere guideline. For further details of the above procedure, you may visit ffdrt.com for further contact details for Shen Fei. See you next week.
以上仅作为指南 。 有关上述步骤的更多详细信息,您可以参观ffdrt.com了解更多联系绅飞设计师. 下周见。


主持人:蓝志锋

you can hear the interview at:
你可以听到采访内容:

http://cityplusfm.my/2017/06/22/%E3%80%90%E5%9F%8E%E5%B8%82%E5%A4%A9%E9%99%85%E7%BA%BFskyline%E3%80%91%E8%A3%85%E4%BF%AE%E6%88%BF%E5%AD%90%E9%9C%80%E7%9F%A5%E7%9A%844%E9%98%B6%E6%AE%B5%E5%92%8C16%E6%AD%A5%E9%AA%A4/

FM 106.0MHz in Seremban/Klang Valley

URBAN TALK RADIO STATION (CITYPLUS FM)- 16 steps to Renovation

URBAN TALK RADIO STATION (CITYPLUS FM)- 16 steps to Renovation

CITYPlus FM 城市天际线
建筑设计师访谈主题1

CITYPlus FM – City Skyline
Architectural Discussion 1

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With the housing transactions peaked at year 2014, it is expected most property handover is on the year 2017. As such, many homeowner may seek to renovate their house to suit their living. This could be for a newborn, for homestay, or for modernising. This Architectural conversation intend to shed light to newhouse/office owner the procedure of renovation.

随着房屋交易在2014年达到顶峰,预计大部分的房屋将在2017年完工,并移交给购屋者。
因此,许多房主可能会寻求装修房屋,进行不同程度的修改,以适应自己的生活方式,
装修目的可能是因为,要将房子变得更现代化、准备迎接家庭的新生儿、准备将房屋改成民宿或airbnb寄宿等。这个建筑访谈让听众了解更多有关,房屋/办公室装修所需的知识。

16 steps to Housing & Office Renovation
房屋与办公装修16小步

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PLANNING STAGE(策划阶段)

1) Approach the City/Town Council/JMB to obtain the Renovation Requirement. This can be done with the assistance of a Consultant. (从市议会/管理委员会取得设计需求. 这可以在设计顾问的协助下完成。)

2) Appointing a consultant(聘请顾问)
a. You may get advice from your relatives and friends any recommendation of consultant. (您可要求亲戚朋友,推荐一些他们曾经使用,拥有口碑的设计顾问。这些顾问应该有的不错的项目,让你有信心)
b. Meet up the consultant to see if the consultant can match your expectation and if you can work well with the consultant. (与设计顾问会面,了解顾问能否符合您的期望,以及你是否能与设计顾问良好的合作)
c. Scope of a consultant (了解设计顾问的工作范围)
i. Design and propose material and finishing (设计空间和选择建筑材料)
ii. Submission to relevant authority (提交相关文件给有关当局/管理委员会)
iii. Tender document preparation (准备投标文件)
iv. Tender Evaluation (投标评估)
v. Making sure the project expenses is under budget (确保建筑费用在预算之中)
vi. Contract Administration – making sure both client and constructor is abiding the building contract. (装修合约:确保客户和建筑承包商都遵循这份装修合约)
vii. Defect Check (缺陷检查)
viii. (I recommend client to get a separate consultant and contractor to avoid conflict of interest. This is because consultant scope is to advice the client and contractor is to build)(我建议设计顾问和建筑承包商,由两家分开的独立的公司进行,以避免利益冲突)(这是因为设计顾问工作范围是以客户着想,至于建筑承包商的工作则以建筑为主)
ix. (however, for a budgeted project, you may consider a design and build contractor, this may come at the expense of no Tender and different defect checking procedure)(然而,对于预算有限的装修而言,您可以考虑聘请设计和建造的建筑承包商。这可能少了投标和不同的缺陷检查的程序)
x. (under the discussion below, we shall focus on the procedure involving the appointment of a consultant) (但在下面的访谈中,我们将重点关注在聘请顾问的设计装修程序)

DESIGN STAGE(设计阶段)

3) Working with your appointed Consultant. Your consultant will have to dig your brains to understand your desire lifestyle. You have to express your intentions. This can be done via reference pictures from google, pinterest or design magazine. (与您聘请的设计顾问密切合作. 你的设计顾问必须挖掘了解你的想法,根据你的理想生活方式来设计。您也必须表达你的想法。 这可以通过Google, pinterest或设计杂志的参考图片来讨论。)
i. Getting the Floor plans to assure the spatial configuration fits your lifestyle (设计顾问画出平面图设计,以确保空间设计和配搭,符合您的生活方式)
ii. Feng Shui/ Vastu Shastra advisor should be in to make adjustment based the proposed plan in this stage. (风水顾问应在这阶段进行设计调整。)
iii. Ensuring Utility Pipes are duly designed to avoid conflict and discomfort placement. For example, the sewage pipes to avoid entrance, living space, dining room and bedroom. (设计顾问得确保水电管道都有正确的设计,避免引起不协调,甚至冲突的放置,例如,排污管应避免在大门、客厅、饭厅和卧室出现。)
iv. Getting the Perspectives image to assure the intended space. (屋主要索取透视构图,一边能更清楚的了解设计和相关的空间。)

4) Appoint an Engineer(聘请工程师)

i. If there is any retaining wall involved (如果装修工程涉及挡土墙)
ii. If there is any structural Implications (如果装修工程涉及任何建筑物的结构性变化)

5) Consultant to submit required drawing and documents to JMB and Local Authority to obtain approval to start work (设计顾问 要得 向地方政府/管理委员会 提交,装修所需的 图测 和 文件以获得批准。之后开始装修工作。)

CONTRACT DOCUMENTATION STAGE (招标阶段)

6) Consultant may commence Tender drawings and documents for potential Tenderers. (设计顾问可准备 招标 图测和文件,让 有意 竞标的承包商参 与投标) (招标阶段 可以帮助 减少客户预算, 并 可以 帮助 客户更好 地了解 建设成本。)

7) When you are satisfied with your design, you may now consider appointing a contractor with the help of your consultant. (当您对设计感到满意后,您可在设计顾问的协助下,开始招标适合的承包商)

8) Appoint/ Tender for Contractor with the Consultant (与 设计顾问 一起招标 承包商/包工头)
i. Analyse the submitted tender condition and quotation (设计顾问 得分析 投标者 提呈的投标 条件 和 价格, 并向客户分析了解. )
ii. Interview to clarify doubt on the submission (与投标者会面,厘清 投标文件 不清楚的地方)
iii. Appoint the contractor based on the submitted documents(根据提交的投标文件,聘请建筑承包商)

9) Discussion with consultant the selection of materials finishes, fixtures and furniture and equipment. (当 建筑承包商 被聘请后, 接下来, 您与顾问讨论材料的 选择,装置,家具和设备。)
a. Obtain samples of materials for reference during construction.( 在施工期间,索取材料样品供参考。)

CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION STAGE(施工阶段)

10) With the assistance of the consultant, conduct Visit to the site to make sure work are done accordingly with the desired outcome. (在设计顾问的协助下,进行 施工探访 以确保 承包商按照原定的计划,展开工作。)
i. (you may ask the contractor to work on designated areas to evaluate the intended effect)( 您可以要求承包商在指定区域进行工作,以评估预期效果)

11) Make sure the equipment are functioning well. (确保设备运行良好)
i. This can be done by working on having the equipment ie aircon, fans and lighting running for 24 hours at maximum power. (比方说冷气,风扇和灯光在最大功率下运行24小时来测试其潜力。)

12) Vet through any non-conformance work according to the drawings.( 检查任何不合平面图设计的工作)

13) Make payment to contractor(付款给建筑承包商)

COMPLETION (施工完成)

14) Arrange delivery of Loose furniture.(安排家具的运送)

15) Allow a defect liability period for any defects.( 承包商提供“缺陷责任期”,这段日子也是保养期,若有任何装修缺陷,承包商必须免费补休。)

16) Upon the expiry of the defect liability period, make final payment to contractor. (在缺陷责任期届满时,缴付最终款项给承包商。)

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The above act as a mere guideline. For further details of the above procedure, you may visit ffdrt.com for further contact details for Shen Fei. See you next week.

以上仅作为指南 。 有关上述步骤的更多详细信息,您可以参观ffdrt.com了解更多联系绅飞设计师. 下周见。


主持人:蓝志锋

you can hear the interview at:
你可以听到采访内容:

http://cityplusfm.my/2017/07/21/%E3%80%90skyline%E3%80%91%E4%B9%B0%E5%9C%B0%E8%87%AA%E5%BB%BA%E9%A1%BB%E7%9F%A5%E7%9A%846%E9%98%B6%E6%AE%B527%E6%AD%A5%E9%AA%A4/

FM 106.0MHz in Seremban/Klang Valley

THANK YOU for the great 2016

Give Thanks

FFSTUDIO and the whole team remain committed to the creation of inspiring Architecture with our clients and Collaborators.

FFSTUDIO would like to give her personal thanks to everyone for their kind support.

Best Wishes,
FFSTUDIO

Best Panorama Views

Best Panorama Views

Google View allows the Panorama View of the most exotic places, may it be radioactive ridden, politically dangerous, geographically challenging, or security risky. The below includes key buildings/places of architectural, political, historical, geographical, cultural interests.

This nonetheless help to accessibility of photography facilitating education and exploration. Click on the titles to access the exact locations. Enjoy:

001_Mount Kinabalu
Mount Kinabalu

002_St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica

003_Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel

004_Kaaba, Mecca
Kaaba, Mecca

005_La Virgen Negra, Einsiedeln, Switzerland
La Virgen Negra, Einsiedeln, Switzerland

007_Pyramids of Giza
Pyramids of Giza

008_Royal Palace of Madrid
Royal Palace of Madrid

009_San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

010_Hagia Sopia, Turkey
Hagia Sopia, Turkey

011_South Pole
South Pole

012_Ocean near Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Ocean near Galápagos Islands, Ecuador

013_Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Galápagos Islands, Ecuador

014_North Korea Stadium
North Korea Stadium

015_Leader Kim Il Sung & General Kim Jung Il Statue
Leader Kim Il Sung & General Kim Jung Il Statue

016_Chernobyl Power Plant
Chernobyl Power Plant

017_Jewish Museum, Lindenstraße, Berlin, Germany
Jewish Museum, Lindenstraße, Berlin, Germany

018_Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican City
Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican City

019_London City Hall
London City Hall

020_St Ives, Cornwall
St Ives, Cornwall

021_Lulworth Cove
Lulworth Cove

022_Mayfield Lavender
Mayfield Lavender

023_Miami
Miami

024_Architectural Association, London
Architectural Association, London

025_Palace of Versailles
Palace of Versailles

026_The White House
The White House

027_Wilson Island, Australia
Wilson Island, Australia

028_Heron Island
Heron Island

029_Mount Everest
Mount Everest

030_Mount Everest - Snow
Mount Everest – Snow

031_Falling Water – Frank Lloyd Wright
Falling Water – Frank Lloyd Wright

032_Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

033_Galaxy Soho, Beijing
Galaxy Soho, Beijing

034_Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku
Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku

035_Caixa Forum, Herzog de Meuron
Caixa Forum, Herzog de Meuron

036_Washington Monument
Washington Monument

037_Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower

038_Louvre Museum, Paris, France
Louvre Museum, Paris, France

039_Komsomolskaya Metro Station
Komsomolskaya Metro Station

040_Grand Central Terminal, New York
Grand Central Terminal, New York

041_Kenwood House, Hampstead
Kenwood House, Hampstead

042_Ta Prohm
Ta Prohm

043_Taktsang Lhakhang, Bhutan
Taktsang Lhakhang, Bhutan

044_Batu Caves, Malaysia
Batu Caves, Malaysia

045_Antelope Canyon, USA
Antelope Canyon, USA

046_Phraya Nakhon Cave, Thailand
Phraya Nakhon Cave, Thailand

047_Glowworms Cave, New Zealand
Glowworms Cave, New Zealand

PATTERNS ON EARTH – URBAN PLANNING

PATTERNS ON EARTH – URBAN PLANNING

PATTERNS ON EARTH – URBAN PLANNING

After our posting “PATTERNS ON EARTH – NATURAL VS ARTIFICIAL”, we continue looking at the constructed landscape in Urban Planning, whether their sharing similarities with organic or microchip arrangement, or the awe of its magnificent symmetrisation. Nonetheless, their existence show prove of human’s desire in Urban Planning.

Whilst such layouts are governed and allowable by local authority, its existence is supported by its land value, living culture, and existing landscape. Human capacity in urban planning is limitless.

The array of arrangements range from houses, water feature, plantations, plane parking, boat houses, to umbrella and tents. You may click on the name of the places to visit the map in Google.

001_Contour Development
Contour Development

002_Barcelona Grid
Barcelona Grid

003_Davis-Monthan Air Force Base Aircraft
Davis-Monthan Air Force Base Aircraft

004_Makoko Floating School
Makoko Floating School

005_Nahalal
Nahalal, Israel

006_Longshore Lake Community, Naples
Longshore Lake Community, Naples

007_Corkscrew Woodlands Blvd
Corkscrew Woodlands Blvd, Estero, FL 33928

008_636 Del Prado Blvd
636 Del Prado Blvd, Cape Coral

009_White Marsh Rd, Rotonda West
White Marsh Rd, Rotonda West

010_Southern Pines Dr
Southern Pines Dr

011_Wanatah Ave
Wanatah Ave, Lehigh Acres, Florida 33974

012_Cape Horn Blvd
17433 Cape Horn Blvd, Punta Gorda, Florida 33955

013_Alamander Ave
1495 Alamander Ave, Englewood, Florida 34223

014_Cape Coral
9th Ct, Cape Coral, Florida 33991

015_Pine Lakes Blvd
10200 Pine Lakes Blvd, Fort Myers, Florida 33903

016_Breezeswept Ave
22100 Breezeswept Ave, Port Charlotte, Florida 33952

017_North Naples
North Naples, Florida 34108

018_Marco Island
Marco Island, Florida 34145

019_Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach

020_Coogee Beach
Coogee Beach

021_Saint Tropez beach
Saint Tropez beach (Umbrella)

022_Maroubra Bay
Maroubra Bay – Sydney, Australia (surfer)

023_Rio de Janeiro beach
Rio de Janeiro beach ( Red pox)

024_Miami beach
Miami beach

A Study of Multi Centred City Transformation

A Study of Multi Centred City Transformation

A Study of Multi Centred City Transformation
KL Sentral Central Business District

FOREWORD
The development of transportation linkages encourages urban sprawl. Locally it has become increasingly evident in sections SS3, SS4, SS5, SS6 and SS7 next to Kelana Jaya LRT station, Bangsar South development next to Kerinchi LRT station and KL118 next to Maharajalela Monorail Station, thus leading to the speculation of the emergent of multi centred city development as a result of transportation development. Such transformations are triggered by the government’s continuous plan to expand the cities’ public transport network.

In the next 5 years, new multi centred city developments and their vicinity growth in Sungai Buloh Terminus station, Bus Rapid Transit in Bandar Sunway, Batu Kawan and Batu Maung near Penang’s Second Bridge, and the station stops for Kuala Lumpur – Singapore High Speed Rail are to be anticipated. Catalysed by transportation development, such complex yet dense transformative nature of the multi centred city development has encouraged us to relook into our local modern precedent – Kuala Lumpur Sentral Central Business District (KL Sentral CBD).

001_Overview of KL Sentral Station and traffic

Overview of KL Sentral Station and traffic, Image by Akira Mitsuda

Against this backdrop, this article intends to investigate the design challenges of such diversified use, dense and complex development. This is done by highlighting the transformative process of KL Sentral CBD and discussing the challenges of urbanising a Kuala Lumpur’s old railway marshalling yard into a modern transit hub.

THE BEGINNING

In the 1880s colonial Resident Frank Swettenham set about rebuilding Kuala Lumpur with brick buildings after a huge fire and flood swept through Kuala Lumpur. The double disaster took turns destroying Kuala Lumpur primitive wooden structure. The brick kilns were sited, and the name Brickfields has persisted. The area became a ground for Kuala Lumpur’s industries, including the railway yards. During the colonial times, as Indians were brought in to operate the railways, they have eventually settled in Brickfields and its Indian character has persisted.

The current site for KL Sentral was formerly a marshalling yard for Malaysia’s national rail operator, Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad. The emergence of Kuala Lumpur Sentral began when the Government awarded the privatization of Stesen Sentral to Kuala Lumpur Sentral Sdn Bhd, a consortium led by Malaysian Resources Corp Bhd (MRCB) in 1994.

A concession was then signed on 1997, whereby Kuala Lumpur Sentral Sdn Bhd was tasked to build and surrender Stesen Sentral to the Government, in exchange for development rights over the surrounding 72-acre freehold commercial land.

SETTING THE FIRST IMPRESSION OF KUALA LUMPUR
18 years after work commencement in KL Sentral, the KL Sentral CBD has become a total facelift of its existing industrious self. Currently sited by Google Malaysia office, and a number of design practices such as RSP Architects Sdn Bhd, Arkitek MAA Sdn Bhd, Ong & Ong 360 Consultancy Sdn Bhd, many of which have offices outside of Kuala Lumpur. The vicinity to KL Sentral Transport hub, owing to the connectivity to the KL International Airport and flight check-in facility, facilitate travelling for international offices stationed in the KL Sentral CBD.

Passengers arriving in KLIA and KLIA2 will be alighting from the KLIA express are confronted at the KL Sentral CBD an environment of polished stone, stainless steel and glass, a modern outlook for the first impression of Kuala Lumpur for many travellers.

As KL Sentral CBD adjoins and submerges in the traditional Indian area of Brickfields and affluent residential suburb of Bangsar, its physical extensions are used to cut into and transform the older city. This creates a complex yet interesting skyline of the colourful low rise and high rises glass façade, portraying an image of the first impression upon arrival at KL Sentral station a progressive urbanizing nation of heritage complexity.

002_Contrasting view between KL Sentral CBD and Brickfields along Jalan Tun Sambanthan

Contrasting view between KL Sentral CBD and Brickfields along Jalan Tun Sambanthan

CONTEXTUAL CHALLENGES

The weaving of the modern and heritage requires design care and sensitivity. Such urbanization is not entirely confined by and directed by governing council, albeit requiring the understanding and accommodation of demands and pressures from multiple and often conflicting origins. This is the case for the backdrop of KL Sentral CBD lying in the existing fabric of Bangsar to the east and Brickfields to the west. It attracts both low-wage service workers as well as high value knowledge workers and creative professionals. This heterogeneous population is crucial for the vitality and competitiveness of the city but it also poses the problem of uneven development, income disparity and social inequality.

For the past 5 years there have been disputes against any building developments in Brickfields due to traffic congestion and the increasing house prices. Whilst Bangsar is more accommodative to building development along Jalan Bangsar, the response from architects and urban planners to these contextual challenges – through the provision of sustainable housing, infrastructure, cultural and knowledge environments becomes ever more crucial.

If any Brickfields development restrictions were to be imposed, in short term it may be in the immediate neighbourhood’s best interest, may backfire and conversely contribute to regional undersupply of housing and eventually drive up the cost of housing in general. Careful planning of the CBD could help to reduce the overall cost of housing by contributing steadily to the housing supply, and therefore generally improves equitability in the housing market.

When planning equity in mind, the CBD may potentially be benefiting low and moderate income communities by linking workers to employment centres, introducing construction and maintenance jobs, and spurring investment in areas that have suffered neglect and economic depression.

The CBD may reduce transportation costs, leading to less households expenditure since transportation fee constitute a larger percentage relative to the higher income’s household. This frees up household income that can be used on food, education, or other necessary expenses. Low-income people are less likely to own personal vehicles and therefore more likely to depend exclusively on public transportation to get to and from work, making reliable access to transit a necessity for their economic success.

003_Overall view of KL Sentral Central Business District indicating the vacant lots

Overall view of KL Sentral Central Business District indicating the vacant lots.

MRCB albeit being close to fully utilising the 72 acres it has in KL Sentral, is putting aside two prime lots for development later, namely Lot F, next to Nu Sentral and 1 Sentrum, and Lot 349, adjacent to Menara Shell. Leaving the two lots undeveloped helps to reduce any sudden price hike in KL Sentral CBD, allowing the property prices to consolidate.

By deferring developments, it provides a buffer zone for locals to adapt to the progressive increment in prices. The recent opening of Nu Sentral Shopping Mall in year 2013 and the existing food stores off Jalan Tun Sambanthan act as a mediator and meeting points for both corporate office users and Brickfields residents for a place to dine and shop. Strategically situated between KL Sentral Station and Brickfields, the retail spaces becomes a gateway and welcomes the Brickfields residents to share its facilities. Though contrasting, it becomes a melting pot of options of public spaces via the inclusion of a Golden Screen Cinema, McDonald and public performance space in LG floor of Nu Sentral.

004_Event Performance space in Nu Sentral LG floor

Event Performance space in Nu Sentral LG floor, photo by Gopalakrishnan Nair

In anticipating massive use of public transport for the visually impaired, comprehensive consideration is given for installing tactile guided pathways from the arrival train station platforms to the Nu Sentral and the overhead bridge across Jalan Tun Sambanthan leading to the Brickfields Blind Association. This creates the sharing use of infrastructure, cultural and knowledge environments.

005_Tactile guided pathway on the KL Sentral Monorail station leading to Nu Sentral,

Tactile guided pathway on the KL Sentral Monorail station leading to Nu Sentral, photo by http://railtravelstation.com/

SUSTAINING DIVERSITY

With more than 30,000 population already living and working in Kuala Lumpur Sentral CBD with a total 72 acres of land area, it creates a density of 100,880 population/km2, a density almost twice of Hong Kong, standing at 6,544 population/km2. The masterplan seeks to provide a total lifestyle of work, live, learn, and play for its workers and residents, and poses a diversity challenge as an integrative discipline for the design in architecture, urbanism, and infrastructural design; a self-sufficient multi centred city that blurs the dualism of these activities.

By merging of living and working within this ‘hybrid’ urban space, the diverse phenomenon has allowed the social and economic transformations of labour to create new form of spaces, namely, Small Office Home Office (SOHO), Serviced Office Virtual Office (SOVO) and Serviced Office Virtual Office (SOFO). These work live combinations allows home based small scale businesses, whilst the tower offices such as Plaza Sentral Office Suites and 1 Sentrum allows for larger scale of business entity supported by Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) facilities and infrastructure.

Whilst these empower production, it must however be equally enriched by recreation. Upon the creation of the space of work and live on Plaza Sentral (office, 2001), Suasana Sentral (residential, 2002), 1 Sentral tower (office, 2007), Suasana Sentral loft (residential, 2008), it creates a void of necessity for the development of commercial spaces for the workers to cool off and recharge. This encourages the making of Sooka Sentral (commercial, 2008) and Nu Sentral (commercial, 2013). Of such creations of spaces are only catalysed by the completion and running of KL Sentral (transportations hub, 2000). Such is the choreograph of development in KL Sentral CBD and may be used for reference for its programmatic development phases for other transit-oriented development such as the Tun Razak Exchange linking MRT Sungai Buloh and Kajang Line and Bandar Malaysia linking the LRT Kelana Jaya Line.

006_Development Phases in KL Sentral Central Business District

Development Phases in KL Sentral Central Business District

In 2006, with the successful validation of MSC status, it welcomes international IT and financial firms to put their addresses in the KL Sentral CBD. In years to come, the connection linking National Museum and Lake Gardens to the CBD will be completed, transforming the current homogenous spaces of work, live, learn, and play into a cultural and outdoor recreation. This will give a leading edge for further improving the programmatic diversity of KL Sentral CBD, as compared to the KLCC outdoor Park in the KLCC CBD. It opens the floodgate for a workforce where everything related to the soul such as language, creativity and general intellect, is used for production.

007_Development Phases in KL Sentral Central Business District

Development Phases in KL Sentral Central Business District

MANAGING DENSITY – OPERATION SYSTEM
Whilst the KL Sentral transportation hubs have sprawl into the complex network of offices, residential, commercial and leisure, it requires the support of the integrated facilities management for the daily management and maintenance, namely the integrated Building Management, Traffic control, Façade Maintenance, General Cleaning, Car Park facilities, Auxiliary Security, and Information and Communications Technology maintenance team. Architect’s design integration of building operations are to be considered and inclusive to prevent high building operating cost in the future.

MANAGING DENSITY – VEHICULAR CIRCULATION
In the masterplan by the late Architect Dr. Kisho Kurokawa, the entire CBD and its vehicular flow are created from the notion of island design in the form of one way roads. There are 6 major islands, namely surrounding the KL Sentral station, Sentral Park, Hilton and Le Meridien Hotels, and island surrounding Plaza Sentral with UEM, MIDA, SSM and Quill 7 towers, island consisting Menara Shell, Ascott Sentral, Suasana Sentral & Suasana Sentral Loft Condominiums, and the island consisting of CIMB, Q Sentral, One IFC and St Regis Hotel & Residences, and the Sentral Residences. Within which are smaller islands surrounding each towers. This ensures all towers are being serviced and consist of a formal drop off area whilst not contributing to the congestion in other islands. Traffic control officers are always seen to be keeping on toes to ensure no parking at the curb that could cause rippling congestion to other islands. This, however has not stopped the traffic congestion outside the perimeter of CBD, on Jalan Tun Sambanthan, Jalan Travers, Jalan Damansara, and Jalan Istana during peak hours.

008_Indication of Vehicular Circulation and Island design consisting of towers.

Indication of Vehicular Circulation and Island design consisting of towers.

MANAGING DENSITY – WALKABLE

The KL Sentral CBD becomes a catchment area for having a transit hub in its centre. With the furthest buildings within 400m of walkable distance from the station, it corresponds to the distance someone can walk in 5 minutes at 4.8km/h. It becomes more encouraging with the covered walkway to shelter against rain, zebra crossing, traffic light, 24 hour securities for each drop off area. This creates a common space shared by low-wage service workers as well as high value knowledge workers and creative professionals. With 400m walking distance residents have easy access to daily needs in the diversified CBD, thus creating a Transit Orientated Development.

With more than 30,000 human population and approximately 7,000 car park spaces available in the KL Sentral CBD, the most possible cars to human population ratio is 1:4. This ratio is one third of the ratio from the 23.71 million total registered vehicles over the 30 million Malaysian population in December 2013.

009_Indication of walking distance (each circle is 100m in radius)

Indication of walking distance (each circle is 100m in radius)

MANAGING DENSITY – PROGRAM ALLOCATION

Within the walking district, the masterplan allocates office towers to be aligning the train track, and placing residential used buildings away from hissing sound telegraphed through the track. This can be seen for Suasana Sentral (residential, 2002) and Suasana Sentral Loft Condominiums (Residential, 2008) located at the furthest southwest and St Regis Hotel & Residences (Hotel and Residential, 2015) and the Sentral Residences (Residential, 2016) are placed furthest to the north.

As the amount of commercial and office spaces exceeds the residential’s, the proximity is given to the offices to be adjacent to KL Sentral station facilitating workers to travel to work. To compensate this, the local residents are placed furthest from the station as residents can walk to work.

010_Masterplan of Program Indication

Masterplan of Program Indication

FOOD FOR THOUGHTS

As the success of multi centred city is underpinned by efficient design and adequate infrastructure, the question as to the sustainability of these design and provisions becomes pivotal. The scale of infrastructure is often incompatible with changing demand of the city that is conducive for sustainable inhabitation. Its capacity is often outstripped by demand, leading to its premature demise.

Such is the example of 1930 Downtown Los Angeles in the wake of increased automobile ownership leading to decreased investment in the city centre. Downtown Los Angeles became a drive-in-drive-out destination as they would come into the area for a particular objective and then leave immediately once their business was completed. All great cities are susceptible to demise.

Against such odd, yearly appraisal and review are to be implement. Examples are The Master Plan of Singapore and the Tenth Malaysian Plan, reviewed once every 5 years, guiding the countries’ development in the near to medium term. Though such reviews are done by the governing bodies for a different scale, any Central Business District would have to be reviewed in the same sensitivity to transform the district to meet the changing demand and economic environment.

This is especially crucial in Kuala Lumpur where office spaces is abundant and currently undergoing major infrastructure developments, underlying by its potential for expansion. Such expansion opens doors for new CBD and new challenges for existing CBD to continuously transform. In KL Sentral CBD, the subsequent enlarging of LRT and MRT networks further increases the footfall for KL Sentral station. It was designed for 100,000 people per day, and is reaching 120,000. By 2017 upon the completion of enlarged LRT and MRT networks, KL Sentral Station would be looking at 180,000 to 200,000 people a day. As such, perpetual improvement to enhance the inter transit hub is required to meet the demands of the growing Kuala Lumpur and the newly connectivity to KLIA2.

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Transformative Complexity in the Hilly Terrain

Transformative Complexity in the Hilly Terrain

Transformative Complexity in the Hilly Terrain
A study into the Genting Integrated Tourism Plan

The study into Theme Park are seldom in the academic of Architecture. The interest started from the previous post where the differences between Theme Park and Museum are studied. In the light of this, this article consists of the transformation of Theme Park, amidst the complexity in the hilly terrain.

FOREWORD
Businesses in entertainment and leisure industries have continuously been transformative to meet the perpetual changing demand and social behaviour. Meeting such demands becomes pivotal for the survival of the entertainment and leisure industries. In recent times we observed the major renovations work for shopping malls the SStwo Mall in Section 19, and Jaya Shopping Centre in Section 14, and several shopping malls acquired by ARA Asia Dragon Fund, an affiliate of Cheung Kong Group, owned by Hong Kong’s richest man, Li Ka-shing. Theme Park and Resort Developments undergo even larger transformation in the scale of masterplan, ranging from the land size of 27,252 acres of Walt Disney World Resort to the 800 acres of Sunway Integrated Resort City. Land size aside, theme design incorporation becomes ever more crucial to meeting the novelty factor. In Malaysia this is evident in the emergent of a number theme park developments seen in the past few years and years to come, further making the competition tighter. The below highlights the recent theme park developments in Malaysia:

001a_Theme park and resort name

OTHER STUDIES OF THEME PARK DESIGN
Though the study of Theme Park Resort Design has seldom been covered in the purview of architectural academic’s, such relevance is important due to their transformative nature and design direction. A precedent reference for such study was well recorded by Denise Scott Brown and Robert Venturi in the book “Learning from Las Vegas” published in year 1972. Subsequently in 2004, Nikos Salingaros, critics of Deconstructivism Architecture, theorise in his book, “Anti-Architecture and Deconstruction” argues that buildings and other structures are given unusual shapes for purposes of advertising and mimicry of famous building for the creation of landmark and follies. Though we see these designs prominently in Theme Park, Nikos finds similarities to Frank Gehry’s works where it lacks the human scale details and are appealing to novelty and excitement.

INTRODUCTION
Nonetheless, the article intend to investigate the complexity nature of the perpetual transformation of a Theme Park Resort development, namely the Genting Highlands, due to their logistics difficulties and hilly terrain challenges. We will look into their recent planning layout and key design consideration when planning the masterplan and infrastructure.

PERPETUAL TRANFORMATION
Since opening door for business in 1971, development in Genting Highlands has been uninterrupted. A pattern of major completions can be spotted every approximately 5 years. Currently the transformative projects in the pipeline are a new 3,500 room hotel expansion to the current First World Hotel, a new 10,000 seat arena and reconverting the current theme park to 20th Century Fox World theme park of 25 acres. Once completed, Genting Highlands will be running at a maximum capacity of approximately 12,445 hotel rooms.

001b_Genting Accomplishments

DEVELOPMENT CONTENTS
Such major expansion plan is named the Genting Integrated Tourism Plan (GITP). The biggest change to Genting Highlands since the introduction of its theme park in 1992. GITP intends to enlarge the overall capacity of its accommodation, car parks, retail, entertainment, infrastructure, transport, staff’s quarters, and a new theme to the park.

FIRST PHASE
Under the first phase of redevelopment, about RM4 billion will be spent on the development of new and refurbishment of existing hotel properties, infrastructures and amenities. All is scheduled for completion by 2016.

001_Development Plan

(Diagrammatic Masterplan of Genting Highlands upon work completion)

HOTELS
A new three-star hotel with approximately 3,500 rooms, will be developed concurrently with face lift works on the existing First World Hotel, Genting Grand, Maxims, Resort Hotel and Theme Park Hotel.

002_The new hotel towers lifting new height for Genting Highlands

(The new hotel towers lifting new height for Genting Highlands.)

CABLE CAR
Developing a new upper cable car station to enable a capacity of 100 gondolas to transit 4,000 persons per hour. Travelling from the resort’s mid-hill to the hilltop, it has 4 stops at Genting Premium Outlets (GPO), Chin Swee temple, Turning station and the arrival Sky Avenue.

003_Cable Car entrance to Sky Avenue

(Cable Car entrance to Sky Avenue and Sky Plaza Shopping Mall after overlooking the entire 20th Century Fox World outdoor theme park to the left.)

THEATHRE
The development of a 10,000-seat show arena will be an addition to the existing 6,000 seats of Arena of Stars and 3,500 pax capacity occupants of Genting International Convention Centre.

CAR PARK
Almost equivalent to the number of additional hotel rooms, a new multi-storey car park to accommodate 3,200 parking bays and bus bays will be built.

THEME PARK

004_Conceptual Plan of 20th Century Fox Theme Park

(Conceptual Plan of 20th Century Fox Theme Park)

Resorts World Genting will open its doors to the much-anticipated 20th Century Fox World outdoor theme park. Occupying the land size of 25 acres, it will be composed of 25 new rides that are currently under site clearance and earthwork.

005_Site Picture taken on January 2015

(Site Picture taken on January 2015, image by Afiq Nadriz)

SHOPPING
006_the new podium development
(the new podium development on the west side of First World Hotel)

Building on a single podium encirculating the outdoor theme park, the podium serves as the gateway entrance due to its junction for the cable car arrival, car park below, the Sky Plaza shopping mall and casino at the top portion of the podium with hotels above the podium. Covering approximately 50 levels, making the new development taller than the existing First World Hotel.

WALKWAY CONNECTION
007_the Sky Avenue overlooking the Outdoor Theme Park

(the Sky Avenue overlooking the Outdoor Theme Park)

In addition to the above, a central walkway flanks with retail connecting the First World Hotel to Genting Grand, Maxims, and Resort Hotels. Covering 750,000 sqft and 76 units of retail space, this creates a pleasurable walking journey similar to the Vittorio Emmanuele II Galleria in Milan or Publika Shopping Gallery in Solaris Dutamas with multiple glass domes and glass vaulted arcades. By popular demand as seen in the Starbucks at the Ground Floor of First World Hotel and The Coffee Bean at the Ground Floor of Resort Hotel, the arcade shopping space opens up to the outdoor creating corridor of al fresco dining facing the theme park.

CIRCULATION

008_Circulation

(Ring roads and arrows showing the circulation due to multiple adaptive transformations)

The adaptive masterplan is designed differently than the regular city grid of New York and Barcelona where the circulation and new tower placements are decided upon the terrain and existing buildings. Over time the masterplan grows organically in the form of islands. This allows smooth operation of other islands whilst creating opportunity for individual island to undergo roadblock for construction work.

Thus the masterplan is set in the notion of 4 minor ring roads inside a larger ring rood. The minor ring roads are namely the island surrounding Maxims and Resort Hotels, Genting Grand Hotel, Sky Avenue and theme park, and lastly the First World and New Hotels. Each minor ring road has its individual exit to the larger ring road to avoid unnecessary detour into other islands and create further congestion. All minor ring roads share a common entrance main road in the centre, making the main road fundamentally crucial to maintain congestion free.

Set in the backdrop of organic transformation, the Genting Highlands slowly carve in via its ring road circulation to create bubble of islands for its future projects. These bubble of islands grow within the larger ring road that was set forth during initial planning in the 1990s. To create a new island outside of this larger ring road posses new challenges to the existing framework. Thus consideration was taken for further plans to develop GPO at mid-hill Awana.

GITP – SECOND PHASE

Currently in planning stage, the second phase of development constitute the GPO located at mid-hill Awana. Whilst offering a wide range of leading designer brand fashion, sportswear, fine leather, luggage, housewares, home furnishings and fashion accessories, the GPO is presented to emulate the success of Johor Premium Outlet.

FURTHER OPPORTUNITIES

009_Contour map showing

(Contour map showing the potential expansion site due to the relative gradual slope terrain condition)

Whilst the GITP may be perceived as a major facelift to Genting Highlands, the terrain suggests further opportunities for development at the Northwest and the entire East directions, all within the Pahang governing state. Though this may be development outside of the larger ring road, it creates an alternative view towards the surrounding greens than the current theme park view.

Against the backdrop of limited land size, logistic difficulties and challenging terrain, GITP is merely a small step towards the many opportunities lies ahead. Perhaps the challenges that matter the most are in the form of economy, namely the impending competitions from the many theme park developments, the rising cost, and the general dwindling affordability of the nation.

How does the Architectural and Masterplanning Design can resolve these economy challenges in the form of Theme Park Resort?

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Image References
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Owju5fI_0rU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mo3Id5IcZaI
http://blog.malaysia-asia.my/2015/11/20th-century-fox-world-genting.html